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Judges preside over civil and criminal proceedings in courts of law.


  • researches statutes and previous court decisions relevant to cases
  • conducts trials and hearings
  • hears and evaluates arguments and evidence in civil and criminal summary matters
  • decides penalties and sentences within statutory limits, such as fines, bonds and detention, awarding damages in civil matters, and issuing court orders
  • exercises arbitral powers if resolution is not achieved or seems improbable through conciliation
  • advises government of legal, constitutional and parliamentary matters and drafts bills and attends committee meetings during consideration of bills
  • advises agents on legal and technical matters.


  • stressful.

To become a Judge

  • Judges are usually appointed by a State or Federal Governor or Attorney-General. To be eligible, you need to have completed a law degree and have been licensed to practise law for a minimum of eight years.

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  • Registration or licencing may be required.

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