A meteorologist uses a computer to collect data with meteorological instruments in a field

Meteorologist

Meteorologists study the physics and dynamics of the atmosphere to increase understanding of weather and climate, and to forecast changes in the weather and long-term climatic trends.

Overview

Meteorologists study the physics and dynamics of the atmosphere to increase understanding of weather and climate, and to forecast changes in the weather and long-term climatic trends.

Day-to-day

  • studies composition, structure and dynamics of the atmosphere, investigating the direction and speed of air movements, air pressure and temperature, humidity and other phenomena
  • investigates the nature of solar and terrestrial (infra-red) radiations and effects on the atmosphere
  • studies physical nature and properties of solid and liquid particles suspended in the atmosphere, investigating them as the process of cloud formation, precipitation and electrical disturbances
  • studies data on atmospheric conditions obtained to prepare weather maps and forecasts for advice to aviation, shipping, agriculture and the general public
  • studies climatic conditions by analysing meteorological observations made over extended periods of time, and investigates past and possible future fluctuations in climate
  • employs balloons, rockets and artificial earth satellites and such techniques as spectroscopy, hygrometry, daylight and infra-red photography, radar and radio to obtain data on atmospheric conditions, and directs processing of the data
  • may specialise in a particular area of meteorological science.

Considerations

  • stressful.

Occupation snapshot
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Not available
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Moderate

To become a Meteorologist

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