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Hydrogeologists monitor, measure, analyse and describe the earth's surface and groundwater resources and many aspects of the water cycle, including human use of water resources.


  • conducts preliminary surveys of mineral, petroleum and natural gas deposits with Prospectors, Mining Engineers, Metallurgists, and other mineral scientists and engineers
  • prepares and supervises the production of laboratory reports and scientific papers
  • conducts studies of the structure, nature and formation of the earth’s crust and the minerals contained in it
  • studies and dates fossils and rock strata to develop knowledge of the evolution and biology of life forms, and to assess their commercial applications
  • studies the effects of natural events, such as erosion, sedimentation, earthquakes and volcanic activity, on the formation of the earth’s surface and sea beds
  • carries out exploration to determine the resources present by sampling, examining and analysing geological specimens, rock cores, cuttings and samples using optical, chemical, electronic and mechanical techniques
  • conducts surveys of variations in the earth’s gravitational and magnetic fields to determine its physical features
  • investigates the propagation of seismic waves to determine the structure and stability of the earth’s mantle and crust
  • studies the causes of earthquakes and other stress states of the earth’s crust
  • performs laboratory and field studies as well as aerial, ground and drill hole surveys.


  • physically demanding
  • working outdoors.

To become a Hydrogeologist

  • You need a bachelor degree in science majoring in environmental science or a related field (such as geology or hydrology) to work as a Hydrogeologist. It is also common to complete postgraduate studies.

    Find a Bachelor of Environmental Science

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