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Geologists study the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth to increase scientific knowledge and to develop practical applications in fields such as mineral exploitation, civil engineering, environmental protection and rehabilitation of land after mining.


  • conducts preliminary surveys of mineral, petroleum and natural gas deposits with prospectors, mining engineers, metallurgists, and other mineral
  • scientists and engineers
  • prepares and supervises the production of laboratory reports and scientific papers
  • conducts studies of the structure, nature and formation of the earth's crust and the minerals contained in it
  • studies and dates fossils and rock strata to develop knowledge of the evolution and biology of life forms, and to assess their commercial applications
  • studies the effects of natural events, such as erosion, sedimentation, earthquakes and volcanic activity, on the formation of the earth's surface and sea beds.


  • working outdoors.

To become a Geologist

  • You need a bachelor degree in science majoring in geology or a related field to work as a Geologist. It is also common to complete postgraduate studies.

    Find a Bachelor of Geology

Skills employers are looking for

  • Geology

  • Planning

  • Communication Skills

  • Mentoring

  • Hydrogeology

  • Project Management

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